Evidence-based decision making is the use of evidence to learn about the crime and find the solutions. Evidence analysis helps you select the best courses of action so that the case at hand is being dealt with in a fact based manner.
What is evidence analysis?
Evidence analysis is a structured process for identifying, evaluating, and communicating evidence about the outcomes of decisions or actions. In a criminal trial, evidence analysis is used to examine the facts of the case to determine who the guilty parties are. Evidence analysis is also useful for making the right judgements when there is limited information available.
During a criminal investigation, investigators will collect and examine the evidence and then criminal lawyers will build their cases around the evidence. Evidence is crucial to a criminal trial, and it’s important that all the evidence is collected and analyzed to make sure the trial is fair and accurate.
Why is evidence analysis important?
Evidence analysis is useful for criminal justice because forensic scientists and investigators review the evidence, check for DNA samples, follow leads and make conclusions based on the evidence at hand. The evidence from a crime scene is crucial to ensure that the facts of the case are heard.
Ensuring the evidence has not been tampered with and it’s been evaluated properly means the criminal justice system works effectively. Without robust evidence analysis, the full picture of the crime and the guilty parties will not be shown. This is why it’s important that investigators adequately perform evidence analysis.
Types of Evidence
Direct and Circumstantial
Direct evidence is evidence that can directly link someone – the defendant – to the crime. Examples of this would be – the defendant’s fingerprints on the weapon or at the scene of the crime or an eyewitness testimony stating they saw the defendant at the scene of the crime.
Circumstantial evidence is evidence that could possibly link the defendant to the crime, but there’s no clear indication it was the defendant. This evidence could be someone seeing the defendant flee the crime scene or a witness saying they heard the defendant making threats.
Physical evidence (or real evidence) is any material object left at the scene of the crime. This could include weapons with fingerprints, blood, strands of hair, and soil.
Expert Witness Evidence
Expert witness evidence is information provided by an expert in their field. The purpose of this witness testimony is to provide the jury with additional, professional information about the case at hand. Examples of this evidence would include calling a medical doctor to testify about a certain disease or condition.
Witness testimony is when someone sits before the judge, jury and court and testifies about what they saw. This could also include what people heard the defendant say or how the defendant has acted in the past.
Demonstrative evidence is evidence used to illustrate something about the crime or a witness’s testimony. It can include maps, objects, models, or pictures. This type of evidence is used to further explain or illustrate what a witness has said through visual means.
There are many types of evidence used in criminal trials, and it’s best to contact a criminal defense attorney to discuss these types in more depth. However, these were six common types of evidence you might encounter in court.
What is Inadmissible Evidence?
Inadmissible evidence is evidence that is not allowed to be brought forward in court. This evidence could include hearsay or evidence that is obtained illegally. For example, if a person charged with a crime admits to being guilty during an interrogation from police officers, but the officers did not read that person their Miranda Rights, that testimony cannot be used in court.
If someone – a police officer or a prosecuting attorney – attempted to get evidence in a way that violated the defendant’s Constitutional rights, this evidence could not be used against the defendant in court.
If you have questions about what evidence is admissible or not, be sure to contact a criminal defense attorney today.
Contact Our Criminal Defense Team Today
Evidence analysis is crucial for criminal investigators and legal teams to build criminal cases. It’s also important that the evidence has not been tampered with or altered to ensure a fair trial. If you have more questions on evidence analysis or types of evidence in criminal investigation, our attorneys at Hanlon Law Tampa would be happy to talk with you.
Call us today to schedule a free consultation to discuss your specific case.
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Tampa, FL 33602